May 25, Daily science and technology trend

  • 2021-05-25
  • 156

1. The international technology conference Startup Village 2021 has started in Skolkovo. This year the main topic of the forum is ‘Packing for Mars. The Hitchhiker's Guide to Innovation’.



2. Russian scientists have created an effective and safe antifungal drug. The tool can be called a breakthrough - Russia did not have its own; in Russia, antimycotics have not been created before. Researchers at the Institute for the Research of New Antibiotics. G.F. Gause and the Institute of Chemistry of Solutions. G.A. Krestov Russian Academy of Sciences combined two molecules, each of which individually has a low effectiveness against fungi, but when combined, a substance is formed that is capable of suppressing fungi.



3. The Ministry of Education and Science published an announcement about a competition for the provision of grants in the form of subsidies from the federal budget for the implementation of certain activities of the Federal Scientific and Technical Program for the Development of Synchrotron and Neutron Research and Research Infrastructure for 2019-2027. Scientific organizations and universities can take part in the competition. The grant is for three years. The amount of grants in ten lots - from 116.5 to 366 million rubles.



4. Employees of the Faculty of Chemistry of Moscow State University have developed effective extraction systems and methods for extracting food dyes. In the future, the authors plan to continue studying the properties of the developed ionic liquids, as well as to look for new biocompatible, environmentally friendly and affordable solvents. Work is underway to identify biologically important compounds: amino acids, biogenic amines, vitamins and steroid anti-inflammatory drugs.



5. Scientists from Skoltech, in collaboration with researchers from Germany and the United States, analyzed the metabolic characteristics of humans, chimpanzees and macaques in muscles, kidneys and three regions of the brain. In the course of the study, they discovered a mutation in the modern human genome that reduces the stability of the enzyme adenylosuccinate lyase and leads to a decrease in purine synthesis. Neanderthals did not have such a mutation, so scientists believe that this mutation contributed to the formation of modern humans as a separate species, significantly affecting the metabolism in brain tissues.



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