May 24, Daily science and technology trend

  • 2021-05-24
  • 172

1. On May 21, at the Crocus Expo site, within the framework of the International Helicopter Industry Exhibition HeliRussia, a round table was held dedicated to the problems and prospects for the development of unmanned transportation of people and goods in large cities. Skolkovo residents and invited experts took part in the discussion of the latest trends and the main problems associated with the introduction of unmanned technologies into urban life.



2. Scientists from the St. Petersburg Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences have developed a protection system for the transport infrastructure of the ’smart city‘. The developed software to protect such systems, it allows not only to detect hacker attacks in time, but also to determine which interfaces are out of order or show a false result.



3. A method for the disposal of toxic waste from aluminum production has been developed in Russia. One of the promising methods for extracting valuable components from red mud can be its reduction roasting to obtain a concentrate of magnetic iron and non-magnetic tailings enriched in aluminum, titanium and rare earth metals, followed by treatment of the resulting tailings by leaching with hydrochloric acid under high pressure.



4. The Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences plans to begin clinical trials of a cancer treatment facility using a promising method of boron neutron capture therapy in 2023; its financing was ordered by the Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Mikhail Mishustin. According to Pavel Logachev, director of the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the SB RAS, 800 million rubles are required to complete the main preparations for clinical trials.



5. Scientists from Russia and the United States have created a device with which it is possible to accurately determine the proportions of carbon-12 and carbon-13 in rock samples. This allows paleontologists and geologists to dispense with reference samples for such measurements. The authors of the new work bypassed these problems by measuring the proportions of carbon-12 and carbon-13 using a specially designed system based on three different types of infrared lasers.



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