May 13, Daily science and technology trend

  • 2021-05-13
  • 139

1. Scientists from Perm Polytechnic University and Loughborough University (England) will create new generation implants: they will maximally repeat the internal structure and biological functions of living tissues and not be rejected by the human body. As part of the project, a world-class laboratory will be created at the Perm Polytechnic University, where researchers will study the mechanics of biocompatible materials and devices.



2. A group of scientists from the Catalytic Research Laboratory, Faculty of Chemistry, Tomsk State University, within the framework of a project supported by the Russian Science Foundation, has created a new multifunctional material that combines the properties of a sorbent and a catalyst. The development of chemists will help solve environmental problems: the new catalyst is capable of capturing and neutralizing toluene, benzene, methanol and other hazardous substances from industrial discharges and exhaust gases from vehicles.



3. Today the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation Mikhail Mishustin made a speech in the State Duma with a report on the work of his subordinates. Quite a lot was devoted to science and education. In particular, Mishustin said that over 1.5 trillion rubles will be spent on fundamental scientific research in the next three years.



4. Russian scientists presented the largest catalog of nucleotide substitutions that determine the activity of human genes, which will make it possible to better understand the mechanisms of various genetic diseases. This data can be especially valuable for medical geneticists who need to understand the functional role of variants located in the regulatory regions of genes. The map will also be useful for computational biologists to build and test new models of the interaction of transcription factors and DNA based on machine learning.



5. Scientists at ITMO University have learned how to create biointegrable nanoparticles that can be controlled by heating. When exposed to light, they change not only their shape, but also their color. The discovery will help in the development of non-invasive biosensors, signaling systems, and non-toxic dyes.



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