November 26, Daily science and technology trend

  • 2019-11-26
  • 23

1. A session of the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research Member States was held in Hanoi. The Chairman, Russian Minister of Science and Higher Education Mikhail Kotyukov, mentioned that, as part of the project to create the NIKA complex, two international collaborations have started working on the basis of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and that the first physical results of experiments have already been obtained.



2. Experimentation with bacterial polymers allowed Russian biologists to uncover one of the most important mechanisms responsible for stem cell growth and for restoring cartilage and bone tissue. Over the past 20 years, molecular biologists have discovered several mechanisms that make it possible to transform stem cell cultures into "adult" tissues of bones, muscles, skin, and the nervous system. Potentially they can be used as “spare parts” for humans in case of serious injuries or various degenerative diseases.



3. A joint meeting between the management of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, academic institutes and the Foundation for Perspective Research (FPI) was held in Novosibirsk. The meeting took place in accordance with the memorandum of cooperation of SB RAS and FPI signed in April. The document specified more than 10 promising areas of scientific research that lead to the creation of new technologies.



4. Russian scientists have calculated the parameters of DNA denaturation using a domestic supercomputer. DNA denaturation is the separation of double-helix chains. This process precedes any reaction associated with hereditary material, for example, the synthesis of daughter molecules. The obtained results will allow for better understanding of principles of activity of cells. The study was supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation.



5. Scientists of the Ryazan State University named after S.A. Yesenin have patented a technology for the production of solar panels, which is by one third cheaper than its analogues. According to the University’s associate professor high cost is one of the main reasons hampering the development of solar energy. The patented method can be used in the industrial production of solar panels, as well as for creating highly sensitive, high-speed optical sensors and terahertz radiation detectors.



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